Auction 75 Rare and Important Items
Nov 24, 2020
Israel
 8 Ramban St, Jerusalem.
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LOT 40:

Lechem Yehuda – Livorno, 1745 – Copy of the Kedushat Yom Tov, Rebbe of Sighet, and of His Son Rebbe Yoel of Satmar ...

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Lechem Yehuda – Livorno, 1745 – Copy of the Kedushat Yom Tov, Rebbe of Sighet, and of His Son Rebbe Yoel of Satmar, with Early Signatures and Stamps of His Brother, the Atzei Chaim – Signature of Rabbi Shlomo Ganzfried, Author of Kitzur Shulchan Aruch

Lechem Yehuda on the Rambam, Part I, by R. Yehuda Ayash. Livorno, [1745]. First edition.
Copy of Rebbe Chananya Yom Tov Lipa Teitelbaum of Sighet, author of Kedushat Yom Tov, and of his sons, Rebbe Yoel of Satmar and Rebbe Chaim Tzvi Rabbi of Sighet.
The endpapers bear poetic inscriptions, signatures and stamps of "Chaim Tzvi T.B. [Teitelbaum] – M. Sziget – Teitelbaum H.", who writes that the book belongs to his father, R. Chananya Yom Tov Lipa Teitelbaum.
Various stamps of his brother – Rebbe Yoel Teitelbaum, with the inscriptions: "Rabbi of Karoly and the region", "Rabbi of Orsheva and the region".
This book previously belonged to R. Shlomo Ganzfried of Ungvar (Uzhhorod), author of Kitzur Shulchan Aruch. His signature appears on the title page: "Shlomo Ganzfried". Other signatures on the title page: "Shmuel [Sanvil?]"; "Yosef Mordechai HaKohen" (presumably R. Yosef Mordechai Kahana Rabbi of Tetsh, author of Divrei Tzaddikim, d. in Sighet in 1896. Grandson of R. Yosef Mordechai Kahana, head of the Sighet Beit Din, who passed away in 1834. See previous item).
[4], 118, [1] leaves. 31 cm. Good-fair condition. Stains. Wear and tears. Minor worming. Old binding, with new leather spine.



R. Shlomo Ganzfried (1804-1886), head of the Ungvar Beit Din from 1850 until his passing in 1886, was a prominent leader of the Hungarian Orthodox rabbinate. He was orphaned of his father R. Yosef (dayan and posek in Ungvar) at the age of 8, and was raised by R. Tzvi Hirsh Heller (R. Hirshele Charif), author of Tiv Gittin. He authored dozens of important works; however, he is best known for his Kitzur Shulchan Aruch, printed in many editions since its first publishing in 1864 in Ungvar (Otzar Yisrael, New York, 1909, records that up until that point, half a million copies had already been published, and according to the bibliographer Dr. Yitzchak Rivkind, over a million copies had been published by 1960). R. Ganzfried's first book, Keset HaSofer, on the laws of scribal writing of Torah scrolls, tefillin and mezuzot (Óbuda, 1834), earned the effusive approbation of the Chatam Sofer, who stated that no scribe should be ordained without demonstrating proficiency in this book. The Chatam Sofer even recorded glosses to this book.

The blank page at the end of part I contains a handwritten table of contents (possibly written by R. Shlomo Ganzfried). 


Rebbe Chananya Yom Tov Lipa Teitelbaum (1836-1904), son and successor of Rebbe Yekutiel Yehuda Teitelbaum, the Yitav Lev. Disciple of his father and prominent disciple of Rebbe Chaim Halberstam of Sanz, the Divrei Chaim. His teacher the Divrei Chaim once told his father the Yitav Lev that "He is has made him into a perfect utensil". Reputedly, the rebbe of Shinova said about him "…he remained holy from his arrival in this world until his departure to the next world". He succeeded his father after the latter's passing as rabbi of Sighet and leader of the Chassidim. Under his leadership, the Sighet Chassidut flourished and numbered thousands of Chassidim. He was a foremost leader of Chassidic Jewry in the Maramureș region, an uncompromising zealot and a fierce opponent of the Zionist movement. His composition Kedushat Yom Tov on the Torah and the festivals was published after his passing. His sons were Rebbe Chaim Tzvi Teitelbaum, author of Atzei Chaim, who succeeded him as rabbi and rebbe of Sighet, and R. Yoel Teitelbaum, author of VaYoel Moshe, who served as rabbi and rebbe in Satmar. 


Rebbe Yoel Teitelbaum of Satmar (1887-1979) was the youngest son of Rebbe Chananya Yom Tov Lipa, the Kedushat Yom Tov (1836-1904), and grandson of Rebbe Yekutiel Yehuda, the Yitav Lev (1808-1883), who both served as rabbis of Sighet (Sighetu Marmației) and were leaders of Chassidic Jewry in the Maramureș region.

He was renowned from his youth as a leading Torah scholar of his generation, for his perspicacity and intellectual capacities, as well as for his holiness and outstanding purity. At a young age, he was appointed rabbi of Irshava. In 1925, he was appointed rabbi of Karaly (Carei; in place of R. Shaul Brach who went to serve as rabbi of Kashoi), and in 1934, of Satmar (Satu Mare). In all the places he served as rabbi, he also maintained a large yeshiva and Chassidic court. He stood at the helm of the faithful, uncompromising Orthodox Jewry in the Maramureș region. He was one of the founding pillars of the Torah world in the generation following the Holocaust. After surviving the Holocaust, he emigrated to the United States, where he established the Satmar Chassidic community – the largest Chassidic community in the world. He served as president of the Eda HaCharedit in Jerusalem, and as leader of Orthodox Jewry in the United States and throughout the world. His writings were published in dozens of books: VaYoel Moshe, Responsa Divrei Yoel, Divrei Yoel on the Torah and more.



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