Auction 75 Rare and Important Items
Nov 24, 2020
Israel
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LOT 44:

Megaleh Amukot – Zhovkva, 1800 – Copy of Rebbe Yoel of Satmar – Early Signature

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Megaleh Amukot – Zhovkva, 1800 – Copy of Rebbe Yoel of Satmar – Early Signature

Megaleh Amukot, 252 kabbalistic interpretations of the prayer of VaEtchanan, by R. Natan Nota Shapiro Rabbi of Krakow. Zhovkva, [1800]. Third edition, based on the Fürth 1691 edition, with the addition of Mareh HaOfanim – index of biblical verses.
Copy of Rebbe Yoel Teitelbaum of Satmar. Stamps of the rebbe on the title page and endpapers, with the inscription: "Rabbi of Karoly and the region".
Early signature in the center of the title page: "Moshe [T?]----". This may be the signature of Rebbe Moshe Teitelbaum, author of Yismach Moshe, the great-great-grandfather of Rebbe Yoel of Satmar. Books from the library of the Yismach Moshe are known to have been inherited by Rebbe Yoel of Satmar.
[9], 1, 1-42, 41-42, 45-52, 50-51, [2], 57-73, [2] leaves (misfoliation. Leaves 13-14 bound in reverse order). 21 cm. Good-fair condition. Stains (dampstains throughout). Wear. Margins trimmed, affecting edge of text and headings of many leaves. Stamps. New leather binding.


Rebbe Yoel Teitelbaum of Satmar (1887-1979) was the youngest son of Rebbe Chananya Yom Tov Lipa, the Kedushat Yom Tov (1836-1904), and grandson of Rebbe Yekutiel Yehuda, the Yitav Lev (1808-1883), who both served as rabbis of Sighet (Sighetu Marmației) and were leaders of Chassidic Jewry in the Maramureș region.

He was renowned from his youth as a leading Torah scholar of his generation, for his perspicacity and intellectual capacities, as well as for his holiness and outstanding purity. At a young age, he was appointed rabbi of Irshava. In 1925, he was appointed rabbi of Karaly (Carei; in place of R. Shaul Brach who went to serve as rabbi of Kashoi), and in 1934, of Satmar (Satu Mare). In all the places he served as rabbi, he also maintained a large yeshiva and Chassidic court. He stood at the helm of the faithful, uncompromising Orthodox Jewry in the Maramureș region. He was one of the founding pillars of the Torah world in the generation following the Holocaust. After surviving the Holocaust, he emigrated to the United States, where he established the Satmar Chassidic community – the largest Chassidic community in the world. He served as president of the Eda HaCharedit in Jerusalem, and as leader of Orthodox Jewry in the United States and throughout the world. His writings were published in dozens of books: VaYoel Moshe, Responsa Divrei Yoel, Divrei Yoel on the Torah and more.


The Holiness of Items of Tzaddikim – In the Teachings of Rebbe Yoel of Satmar

In his writings, Rebbe Yoel of Satmar repeatedly relates to the holiness contained in the possessions of a Tzaddik; and conversely to the prohibition of benefitting from the money of the wicked, warning not to accept funding from the Zionist state and the like.

In several places in his book Divrei Yoel on the Torah, the Rebbe describes the tremendous virtue of the belongings of the Tzaddik, which have the power to endow holiness for generations, since the "sparks of holiness" endure in them. Based on this concept, the Rebbe explains Yosef's influence on the Egyptians, who were sustained from his produce during the famine and drew from it "spiritual vibrancy": "…the property of Tzaddikim has the power to impart spiritual vibrancy…" (Divrei Yoel, Shemot, p. 33). Regarding the "aspect of holiness" contained in the belongings of Tzaddikim from "the root of their soul", he writes: "The possessions of Tzaddikim are precious to them… since they contain an aspect of the root of their soul… as they are particular not to steal…" (Divrei Yoel, Vayetze, p. 92).



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